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Over half of the far-infrared background light comes from galaxies at z ≥ 1.2
David Hughes
Acceso Abierto
Submillimetre surveys during the past decade have discovered a population of luminous, high-redshift, dusty starburst galaxies¹⁻⁸. In the redshift range 1 ≤ z ≤ 4, these massive submillimetre galaxies go through a phase characterized by optically obscured star formation at rates several hundred times that in the local Universe. Half of the starlight from this highly energetic process is absorbed and thermally reradiated by clouds of dust at temperatures near 30 K with spectral energy distributions peaking at 100μm in the rest frame⁹. At 1 ≤ z ≤ 4, the peak is redshifted to wavelengths between 200 and 500 μm. The cumulative effect of these galaxies is to yield extragalactic optical and far-infrared backgrounds with approximately equal energy densities. Since the initial detection of the far-infrared background (FIRB)¹⁰, higher-resolution experiments have sought to decompose this integrated radiation into the contributions from individual galaxies. Here we report the results of an extragalactic survey at 250, 350 and 500 μm. Combining our results at 500 μm with those at 24 μm, we determine that all of the FIRB comes from individual galaxies, with galaxies at z ≥1.2 accounting for 70 per cent of it. As expected, at the longest wavelengths the signal is dominated by ultraluminous galaxies at z > 1
Público en general
Devlin, Mark J., et al., (2009). Over half of the far-infrared background light comes from galaxies at z ≥ 1.2, Nature. Vol.458:737-739
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Aparece en las colecciones: Artículos de Astrofísica

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