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Elaborating a new technique for acousto-optical spectrum analysis of ultra-high-frequency radio-wave signals with an improved resolution, using collinear wave heterodyning
Acceso Abierto
This technical report is devoted to the problem of improving the frequency resolution inherent in a parallel acoustooptical spectrum analysis via involving an additional nonlinear phenomenon into the data processing. In so doing, we examine possible application of the wave heterodyning to the real-time scale acousto-optical analysis of the frequency spectrum belonging to ultra-high-frequency radio-wave signals peculiar, for example, for radio-astronomy. The nonlinear process of wave heterodyning is realized through providing a co-directional collinear interaction of the longitudinal acoustic waves of finite amplitudes. This process, which is beforehand studied theoretically and investigated experimentally via the acousto-optical technique as well, allows us either to improve the frequency resolution of spectrum analysis at a given frequency range or to increase by a few times the current frequencies of radio-wave signals under processing. The first step along this way is connected with experimental modeling of the acoustic wave heterodyning in solids via exploitation of specific acousto-optical cell based on a liquid, which allows the simplest realization of a cell with the needed properties. Then, these theoretical and practical findings are used in our experimental studies aimed at creating a new type of acousto-optical cells, which are able to improve the resolution inherent in acousto-optical spectrum analyzer operating over ultra-high-frequency radio-wave signals. In particular, the possibility of upgrading the frequency resolution through the acoustic wave heterodyning is experimentally demonstrated using the cell made of lead molybdate crystal. The obtained results demonstrate practical efficiency of the novel approach presented. Thereafter, potentials peculiar to the acousto-optical spectrum analysis of a gigahertzfrequency range radio-wave signals with essentially improved relative value of the frequency resolution, which can be in the order of 10-5 in our case, is considered with exploiting a new type of the acousto-optical cell made of really effective KRS - 5 cubic single crystal.
Instituto Nacional de Astrofísica, Óptica y Electrónica
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Versión aceptada
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Aparece en las colecciones: Reportes Técnicos de Óptica

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